Disease / Prostatitis

inflammation of the prostate
See All Diseases

Understanding Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

What is Prostatitis?

Prostatitis refers to the inflammation of the prostate, a walnut-sized gland situated below the bladder in men. Its various forms can impact an individual’s well-being differently.

Types of Prostatitis

  1. Acute Prostatitis:
    • Originates from a bacterial infection.
    • Presents severe pain during urination, frequent urination, and fever.
    • Symptoms are intense but short-lived.
    • Usually remedied with antibiotics.
  2. Chronic Bacterial Prostatitis:
    • Develops from recurring acute prostatitis episodes.
    • Occurs due to enduring infections in the prostatic tissue.
    • Fluroquinolones are the go-to antibiotic group, recommended for a 4-6 week period.

Symptoms of Prostatitis

  • Pain during urination.
  • Discomfort in the perineum, extending to the scrotum and testes.
  • Some might feel pain in the bladder area and the lower back.
  • Urgent need to urinate.
  • Difficulty in urinating is characterised by a weak stream, straining, or pain.

Diagnosis of Prostatitis

Diagnosis is the stepping stone to effective treatment:

  • Clinical Examination: A finger examination through the back passage by a urologist or medical practitioner to detect prostate tenderness.
  • Urine Culture: Helps determine bacterial infection.
  • Expressed Prostatic Secretions: Extracted tissues during the examination can be cultured to detect bacteria.
  • Cystoscopy: A procedure where a thin tube with a camera is inserted into the bladder to examine the bladder and urethra.
  • Scans: In selected severe cases, Prostate ultrasound or MRI scans may be necessary to get a detailed image of the prostate and the surrounding area.

Treatment and Management

Effective treatment avenues include:

  • Antibiotic Treatment: Empirical treatment is primarily based on clinical symptoms. A group of antibiotics called Fluoroquinolones are the usual choice. Usually, the antibiotic will be prescribed for two to six weeks.
  • Pain Management: For cases with lingering symptoms post prolonged antibiotic treatment, indicating chronic pelvic pain. Here, painkillers can be prescribed. Additional tests might be warranted to pinpoint other potential pain sources.

Potential Complications

Untreated or prolonged prostatitis can lead to:

  • Chronic pelvic pain.
  • Backaches, which necessitate a separate treatment approach.

Further Reading

For more detailed insights on prostatitis:

It’s imperative to consult a medical professional preferably a urologist at the earliest signs of prostatitis. Timely intervention and regular health check-ups can avert complications, paving the way for an improved quality of life for those grappling with this condition.

Treatments Available