Disease Conditions of Urinary Tract

All diseases and conditions are listed below.

(Click on the sections below to be taken to the relevant area on this page.)

Bladder Troubles

Over Active Bladder (OAB)

Symptoms of Urgency, frequency with or without leakage

Stress Urinary Incontinence

Leakage of urine during coughing,effort and exertion

Painful Bladder

Pain in the lower abdomen with full bladder. Extreme version of this conditon is called interstitial cystitis

Recurrent Cystitis

Urinary Infection

Catheters Related Problems

Issues such as blockage, spasms and bypassing around the catheter that can happen in patients who have a long term catheter

Male Sexual Health

Erectile Dysfunction

Inability to achieve or maintain adequate erection for satisfactory sexual intercourse

Premature Ejaculation

Inability  to delay ejaculation for satisfactory sex that is causing distress

Male Infertility

Inability to conceive by a couple who are not using contraceptives and regularly sexually active after a period of 12 months

Male Sterilisation (vasectomy) & Reversal

A vasectomy is a disconnecting the tubes coming from the testicles that carry the sperm form the testicles to the urethral from where it is ejaculated.

Sexual Injuries to Penis

These are some minor to significant injuries that can occur during sex


Male Lower Urinary tract Symptoms (LUTS) ranging from mild symptoms to extreme situation of total urinary blockage or Retention of urine

Prostate Problems

Benign Prostate Enlargement

Enlargement of prostate may cause blockage to urethra


Inflammation of the prostate in different forms

Prostate Cancer

Most common malignancy affecting men

Acute Retention

Blockage of urine

Childhood Urological Problems

Problems with Foreskin

Tight foreskin though normal in a small proportion of children can cause distressing condition of balanitis

Undescended Testis

Testicle can get stuck on its way from abdomen into scrotum. This will need to be surgically treated if it doesn’t come down within the first year of life


This is a self limiting condition but can be very distressing for the children and parents

Acute scrotal pain

The common conditions that cause acute pain in the scrotum are:
Torsion of the testis
Acute epididymitis
Twist of the appendage to the testis.

Childhood scrotal swellings

Childhood hydrocele, childhood hernias, cysts can present with scrotal swellings in children

Childhood Urinary Infections

Childhood urinary infections should be assessed to exclude any underlying abnormalities and treated promptly

Blood in the Urine (Haematuria)

Visible/Non-visible Haematuria

Presence of visible bleeding  or non-visible blood detected by urine tests can be a manifestation of some significant underlying problems that need to be checked without any delay

Genital Problems

Foreskin Problems

This can range from tight foreskin that is present in 5% of children by age 4 to serious conditions affecting the foreskin in the adults

Scrotal Swellings

Scrotal swelling can be due to benign swellings that can be  painless or painful or malignant causes

Penile Cancer

This is a rare disease in the western world but it is a serious condition that would require timely diagnosis and treatment

Female Incontinence

Urge Incontinence

Sudden desire to pass urine, which is difficult to defer or postpone

Stress Incontinence

Leakage of using during coughing, effort and exertion

Mixed Incontinence

Combination of both urge and stress incontinence

Urinary Stone Disease

Kidney Stones

Stones in the kidney usually does not cause any significant symptoms unless there is infection. But that have the potential to cause trouble if they move down

Ureteric Stones

Usually present with severe pain as the stone passes down from the kidney along the tube called ureter that connects the kidney and the badder

Bladder Stones

Bladders stones may cause pain after passing urine or frequent urination.  They also may not cause any symptoms 

Urinary Infections

Bladder Infection


Kidney Infection


Urethral Infection


Prostate Infection


Severe Urinary Infections


Urological Cancers

Kidney Cancer

Cancer of the kidney

Bladder Cancer

Cancer of the bladder

Prostate Cancer

Most common malignancy affecting men

Penile Cancer

Serious condition that require timely diagnosis and treatment

Testicular Cancer

Cancer of the testicles