Treatment / Bladder Operations

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Cystoscopy (Bladder Examination and possible Biopsy)

Please click the links below to see very detailed leaflets published by British Association of Urological Surgeons about these operations.

Transurethral resection of Bladder Tumour (TURBT)

This is the localised remobal of blader tumour in small pieces through an endoscope passed through the urethra. This will the first operation that will be performed after the diagnosis of bladder tumour by bladder ea=xamination mentioned above. In vast majority of bladder cancers (70-80%) this would be the initial curative treatment for the superficial non-invasive bladder cancers. Please follow the link bleow for a detailed information inlcuding a video and a leaflet.


Bladder Removal Operations for Bladder Cancer ( Radical Cystectomy)

Radical cystectomy means total removal of the urinary bladder to remove an invasive bladder cancer with the intention of cure. When the bladder is removed, the urine has to be diverted through a conduit usually made from a loop of small bowel or by creation of a new bladder using bowel loops. In the case of diversion, a small bowel loop will be chosen and one end will be joined with the ends of both ureters (tubes connecting the kidney and bladder) and the other end of the loop will be brought outside as a stoma that has to be managed with a stoma bag. In case of new baldder, the small bowel loops will be opened and fashioned into a reservoir (new baldder) and attached to the ureters and the urethra. As the new baldder made of the bowel loops wouldn’t contract like a normal bladder, the emptying of the new baldder will have to be achieved by regular daily self catheterisation. Please follow the links below to see detailed information leaflets published by British Association of Urological Surgeons (BAUS)