Treatment / Treatment of Bladder Stones

Removal of the bladder stones
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Bladder Stone Removal Operations

Introduction: Bladder stones are hard masses of minerals that form in the bladder. They can cause discomfort, block the flow of urine, and lead to urinary tract infections. When stones do not pass naturally or with medication, surgical removal may be required.

Types of Bladder Stone Removal Operations:

  1. Cystolitholapaxy: This is the most common procedure. Using a cystoscope, a thin tube inserted through the urethra, the surgeon locates and breaks the stone into smaller pieces using laser or ultrasound. The fragments are then flushed out or removed.
  2. Percutaneous Cystolithotomy: For larger stones, a small incision might be made in the abdomen. A scope is inserted directly into the bladder to break and remove the stone.
  3. Open Cystolithotomy: In rare cases where the stone is very large or an abnormal shape, an open surgery might be needed where an incision is made in the bladder to remove the stone.

Post-Operative Care:

  • Drinking plenty of water to flush out any remaining fragments.
  • Pain relief and antibiotics may be prescribed.
  • Avoiding heavy lifting and strenuous activities for a few weeks.
  • Follow-up with your surgeon for a check-up and potential imaging to ensure all fragments are gone.